At some point in your English grammar journey, you may have heard about conjunctions. They are words that connect separate words, phrases, or clauses together. Some of the most common conjunctions include words like: and, but, and or (see what we did there?).
Here’s a conjunction used in a sentence:
And joins the two clauses in the sentence together.
In this article, we will explore a similar, yet different part of speech: a conjunctive adverb. You can use them to create sentences that will make your writing (and speech) flow.
What are Conjunctive Adverbs?
To start, let’s talk about how a conjunctive adverb can be used.
Here are a few examples:
Conjunctive adverbs are not conjunctions for three reasons:
Let’s look at more examples of conjunctive adverbs:
See how you could remove the adverbs, and the sentences would still be grammatically correct?
Also, notice that the conjunctive adverbs can move to different positions.
Ultimately, conjunctive adverbs help create fullness and transition between thoughts. You can use this tool in your writing or speech to elevate your English level and sound more like a native speaker.
Conjunctive Adverbs and Commas
So, when should we use commas with conjunctive adverbs? The answer is: in most cases.
However, sometimes the usage of the conjunctive adverb is considered a weak interruption. It means that the flow of the sentence doesn’t need to pause.
Unfortunately, there is no exact way to determine when the interruption is weak. You are free to make this decision, based on what you are trying to say.
Whenever you need a resource on common conjunctive adverbs and when to use them, see our comprehensive conjunctive adverbs list with examples below.
Conjunctive Adverb List (with Examples)
Conjunctive Adverbs used to show addition:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to show comparison:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to concede:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to show contrast or change:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to emphasize:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to show or illustrate a specific point:
Conjunctive Adverbs used to summarize:
All in all
Conjunctive Adverbs used to signify time:
If you need additional resources, feel free to explore any of the links below.
Visit the Magoosh Speaking blog to learn more grammar tips and find additional exercises on a wide variety of grammar-related topics for English learners.